The castle of Vaulx de Chizeul lies between the Charolais and the Brionnais.
This castle was built in the 14th century and was the house of a very famous French family, the de Choiseul, until 1435. The name "de Chizeul" is a distortion of the family name.
Since 1471, the landlords of Vaux were the Damas family, a well known Burgundy family, one of whose branches was called Damas de Vaux.
The castle, fortress, hamlets and lands stayed in the Damas family until 1793, for more than three centuries.
The castle had a dominant position in the region. It size was huge (91 meters by 29 meters) and included a square dungeon, the lord residence, a storehouse and a jail.